The Ontario Ministry of Education defines Autism as:
A severe learning disorder that is characterized by:
a) disturbances in: – rate of educational development; – ability to relate to the environment; – mobility; – perception, speech, and language;
b) lack of the representational symbolic behaviour that precedes language. Special Educator’s Handbook (2002)
The Geneva Centre for Autism says Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are:
ASDs are a range of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified and Asperger Syndrome.
Each of these disorders affects communication, social interaction skills and behaviour.
ASDs usually manifest during the first three years of life. Impaired social interaction is the hallmark symptom as people affected by ASD have serious problems relating to others, especially peers. Many people affected by ASD do not have even one friend. This is very stressful to them and to their families. www.autism.net
Geneva Centre for Autism This is the probably the best resource out there for families and professionals. http://www.autism.net
Check out the Geneva Centre’s FREE visuals! http://elearning.autism.net/visuals/main.php?g2_itemId=25
New Zealand Ministry of Education, Autism Spectrum Disorders Resource for Teachers. Excellent information, strategies and overviews. http://www.minedu.govt.nz/NZEducation/EducationPolicies/SpecialEducation/PublicationsAndResources/AutismSpectrumDisordersResourceForTeachers.aspx
Autism Society Canada http://www.autismsocietycanada.ca
Very Short List of Books about Teaching Students with Autism
Possibly the BEST and most under-used document in Special Education! This document lists countless ways to help students under each Exceptionality Category. If you look at ‘Gifted’ you have 10 pages of characterisitics of gifted students, issues, general teaching and learning strategies, program ideas, subject-specific strategies (reading, spelling, mathematics) and assessment strategies!
Do NOT write an IEP without reading this document! Parents and Teachers should use this resource to determine appropriate accommodations, modifications, and strategies for the classroom. Parents, please bring this to your teacher meetings to advocate for your child!
Note: This is a PERSONAL blog, not an official Ministry of Education website. This is a forum for sharing.
Please add comments and your favourite resources (and let me know if there are any dead links!) Thank you!